3. 1895: Launceston becomes first southern hemisphere city to get electric light after first Tasmanian, 1897: Formation of Southern Tasmania Football Association, 1898: Tasmanians vote four to one in favor of, 1898: Municipal police forces become part of new statewide government force, 1898: Electric street lighting begins in Hobart, 1900: More Tasmanian troops leave for Second Boer War, 1900: End of whaling operations from Hobart, 1901: First elections for Federal Parliament, 1901: Zeehan conference leads to formation of Tasmanian Workers Political League (forerunner to, 1902: Last Tasmanian troops return from the Boer War, 1903: Women get House of Assembly voting right (the already had it for federal polls), 1903: Hobart-Launceston telephone line opens, 1903: Two ships leave Hobart on relief expedition to free British explorer, 1904: Legislation allows Tasmanian women to become lawyers, 1904: Formation of Tasmanian National Association (forerunner to, 1904: Native flora and fauna reserve declared at, 1905: Hobart General Post Office building opens, 1906: Marconi Co. demonstrated a wireless telegraphy service between, 1907: New public library, built with money from American philanthropist, 1907: Hare-Clark voting system extended to all of Tasmania, 1908: Queen Alexandra Maternity Hospital opens in Hobart, 1909: First statewide use of Hare-Clark voting system elects first Labor government, led by John Earle; government lasts only one week, with return of conservatives, 1910: Carters' wage strike paralyses Hobart for a week, ends with win for workers, 1910: Legislation sets maximum 48-hour working week and minimum wages in several trades, 1911: Philip Smith teachers' college opens at Domain, Electric trams begin running in Launceston, 1912: Hobart City Council takes over tramway service, 1913: First government high schools open in Hobart and Launceston, 1913: Hobart City Council buys tram service, 1914: A. Delfosse Badgery makes Tasmania's first flight from Elwick in a plane he built himself, 1914: First Tasmanian troops leave to fight in, 1914: State government buys hydro-electric company, 1915: Tasmanian legislation establishes Australia's first special authority to create and manage parks and reserves, 1916: In Tasmania's worst rail disaster, driver and six passengers die, 31 survive injuries, after Launceston-Hobart express crashes near. Historian Lyndall Ryan's analysis of population studies led her to conclude that there were about 7000 spread throughout the island's nine nations; Nicholas Clements, citing research by N.J.B. 1803 – Lieutenant John Bowen, with the British Royal Navy, chose Risdon Cove on the eastern shore of the River Derwent in the south-east for the first settlement of Europeans. In 1821, officials and convicts left Port Dalrymple to establish Macquarie Harbour penal settlement at Sarah Island. 1835: First meeting to establish Launceston Bank for Savings. In 1804 an unprovoked attack by whites on a group of Tasmanian Aboriginal people was the first episode in the Black War. The first settlement was by the British at Risdon Cove on the eastern bank of the Derwent estuary in 1803, by a small party sent from Sydney, under Lt. John Bowen. The title ’governor’ was conferred on the representative of the English crown. 1810: Administration launches colony's first newspaper, the Derwent Star and Van Diemen's Land Intelligencer, 1811: After arriving from Sydney, Governor, 1812: Northern Tasmania's lieutenant-governorship ceases, Government House in Hobart takes control of whole island, 1813: First Post Office opens in postmaster's house on corner of Argyle St and Macquarie St, 1814: Governor Lachlan Macquarie offers amnesty to, 1815: Michael Howe's bushranging gang kills two settlers in New Norfolk raid, 1815: Captain James Kelly circumnavigates island in whaleboat. History Tasmania was first settled as a penal colony in 1803, but even before that the coast was explored in the early 1600âs by Abel Tasman. The first settlement was by the British at Risdon Cove on the eastern bank of the Derwent estuary in 1803. 1877 – The penal settlement at Port Arthur was closed. Then in 1798, Matthew Flinders became the first person to circumnavigate Tasmania. An alternative settlement was established by Capt. 1836: Hobart Post office moves to premises on corner of Elizabeth Street and Collins Street, 1836: Eleven counties, and some parishes therein, proclaimed; establishing the cadastral divisions of the colony, 1837: Police office built on corner of Macquarie Street and Murray Street, 1838: The first secular register of births, deaths and marriages in the British colonies established, 1838: Work begins on old Customs House, which becomes, 1838: Sir John Franklin establishes board of education to introduce non-denominational schools, 1840: Sir John Franklin establishes Ross Bank meteorological observatory site, named after explorer, near present Government House site, 1840: Dr William Bedford founds first Hobart private hospital (in house near Theatre Royal) after dispute at government hospital, 1840: Transportation from Britain to NSW ends, causing heavier influx of convicts to Tasmania, 1842: Colony's first official census, population 57,471, 1842: The Weekly Examiner begins publication in Launceston, 1842: Tasmanian Journal of Natural Science, first Australian scientific journal, begins publication, 1842: Peak year for convict arrivals (5329), 1842: Maria Island's Darlington penitentiary reopened, 1844: First Catholic bishop, Robert Willson, arrives, 1845: Jewish community consecrates Hobart Synagogue, Australia's oldest. 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